The French Embassy: I made a quick trip to Rome this past week to visit the Palazzo Farnese, a reservation made several months ago. You have to reserve early and provide lots of personal information if you want to pay a visit to the French Embassy in Italy!
Today the Palazzo is owned by the Italian Republic. In 1936 an arrangement was made with the French to house their embassy for 99 years at the high cost of $1.00 per annum. The Italians have a similar arrangement in Paris.
See those men behind me? They are there to make sure only authorized people enter the Embassy. Trust me, they do a good job! Even with my reservation, I almost wasn’t let in (it seems they needed my actual passport, not just a photocopy that serves me in 99.9% of cases….ummmm… I won’t be making that mistake again).
This pair of matching fountains stand symmetrically in front of the Palazzo.
I was there as an art lover, of course, scheduled to take a tour in Italian of the many beautiful objets that adorn the fabulous palace. Chief among them being the fabulous frescoes by Carracci!
But, before moving to the frescoes, let’s look at the incredible building!
Above is an overview of this very important Renaissance palazzo, located in a prime area of central Rome. First designed in 1517 for the Farnese family, the building expanded in size and conception to designs by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger when Alessandro Farnese became Pope Paul III in 1534.
The palazzo’s construction involved some of the most prominent Italian architects of the 16th century, including Michelangelo, Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola and Giacomo della Porta.
Above is an engraving of the Palazzo with the two matching fountains.
Let’s talk frescoes!
Several of the palazzo’s main salons were painted with elaborate allegorical programs including the Hercules cycle in the Sala d’Ercole or the Hercules Room; the “Sala del Mappamondo” or The Room of Maps; and the well known The Loves of the Gods (1597–1608) by the Bolognese painter Annibale Carracci.
In 1595, Annibale and Agostino Carracci had traveled to Rome to begin decorating the Palazzo with stories of Hercules, appropriate since the it housed the famous Greco-Roman antique sculpture of the hyper muscular the so-called Farnese Hercules.
Annibale developed hundreds of preparatory sketches for the major work, wherein he led a team painting frescoes on the ceiling of the grand salon with the secular quadri riportati of The Loves of the Gods.
Although the ceiling is riotously rich in illusionistic elements, the narratives are framed in the restrained classicism of High Renaissance decoration, drawing inspiration from, yet more immediate and intimate, than Michelangelo’s Sistine Ceiling as well as Raphael’s Vatican Logge and Villa Farnesina frescoes.
Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, the Farnese Ceiling was considered the unrivaled masterpiece of fresco painting for its age. They were not only seen as a pattern book of heroic figure design, but also as a model of technical procedure; Annibale’s hundreds of preparatory drawings for the ceiling became a fundamental step in composing any ambitious history painting.
The lucky French, to occupy this magnificent building!